Prior to volunteering for the cause of freedom and democracy
in Spain, German immigrant Fred Schofs had lived nine years in Pennsylvania.
Back then, ten years were an requirement to become a U.S. citizen. Fred
tried hard to get back after the Spanish Civil War, but did not succeed due
to the lack of documents. The following one was provided by Mrs.
Fred Schofs at Miranda de Ebro concentration camp after
the defeat of the Spanish Republic. (below)
Having been a Chef in the U.S., Fred Schofs soon became
responsible for the kitchen at Miranda de Ebro Concentration camp. For
Christmas 1944, he compiled the following special menu for his comrades,
anticipating their liberation and peace in the following year.
More pictures from Miranda de Ebro concentration camp,
When Fred Schofs returned to West Germany after WWII, he
was officially considered "non-patrie", i.e. without German or any other
citizenship. The picture below depicts his special "alien I.D." issued
to him by West German authorities in 1946.
Fred Schofs in his later years (below).
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